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LEGAL ACTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA
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Republic of Latvia

Cabinet
Regulation No. 281

Adopted 21 May 2013

Regulations Regarding the State General Secondary Education Standard, Subject Standards and Sample Education programmes

Issued pursuant to
Section 14, Clause 19 of the Education Law and
Section 4, Clause 11 of the General Education Law

I. General Provision

1. This Regulation prescribes:

1.1. the State general secondary education standard which lays down the main objectives and tasks of general secondary education programmes (hereinafter - education programme), the mandatory content of general secondary education and the basic principles and procedures for the evaluation of general secondary education acquired by students;

1.2. general secondary education subject standards which lay down the main objectives and tasks of subjects, the mandatory content of subjects, the basic requirements in relation to the acquisition of subjects and the forms and methodological techniques for evaluating educational achievements;

1.3. sample education programmes conforming to the requirements of the State general secondary education standard according to the directions of education programmes, the forms of acquiring education and the types of education programmes (including minority and special education programmes).

II. Main Objectives and Tasks of General Secondary Education Programmes

2. The main objectives of education programmes shall be as follows:

2.1. to ensure a student with the knowledge and skills necessary for personal growth and development, civil participation, employment, social integration and continuation of education;

2.2. to promote the improvement of a student as a mentally, emotionally and physically developed individuality and to develop habits of healthy lifestyle;

2.3. to promote a socially active attitude of the student, retaining and developing his or her language, ethnical and cultural particularity, as well as to improve understanding regarding the basic principles of human rights included in the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia and other legal acts;

2.4. to develop the skill of the student to learn and improve independently, to motivate him or her for lifelong learning and an informed career.

3. In order to ensure a student with the knowledge and skills necessary for personal growth and development, civil participation, employment, social integration and continuation of education, the main tasks shall be as follows:

3.1. to provide the relevant knowledge, to develop the abilities and skills of the student in the selected general secondary education direction;

3.2. to create understanding regarding the processes occurring in the society and a desire to involve with joint responsibility in the development of sustainable society;

3.3. to promote the development of creative and intellectual abilities;

3.4. to improve the skills of use of modern information and communications technologies;

3.5. to promote the competitiveness of the student in the acquisition of further education.

4. In order to facilitate the improvement of a student as a mentally, emotionally and physically developed individuality and to develop habits of healthy lifestyle, the main tasks shall be as follows:

4.1. to improve understanding regarding healthy lifestyle, to be aware of the necessity to take care of his or her physical development, health and safety;

4.2. to promote getting acquainted with different cultures, awareness of cultural values and national identity;

4.3. to promote the development of emotional and creative abilities by improving experience of creative activity.

5. In order to promote a socially active attitude of the student by retaining and developing his or her language, ethnical and cultural particularity, as well as to improve understanding regarding the basic principles of human rights included in the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia and other legal acts, the main tasks shall be as follows:

5.1. to deepen the understanding regarding the role of the Latvian language in the multicultural society;

5.2. to improve the competences of the Latvian language, minority language (in minority education programmes) and foreign languages as the means for mental development, intellectual development and self-realisation of an individuality in a multicultural society;

5.3. to improve understanding regarding cultural diversity in the context of cultural values of Latvia and the world;

5.4. to promote personal interest and understanding regarding his or her place in the society, culture heritage of Latvia and the world, responsible participation in creation of the culture environment on the basis of democracy principles and human values;

5.5. to improve understanding regarding the socio-economic regularities of society formation and the diversity of its structure.

6. In order to develop the skill of a student to learn and improve independently, to motivate him or her for lifelong learning and an informed career, the main tasks shall be as follows:

6.1. to improve the skills of practical and independent work;

6.2. to use corresponding and various learning techniques and technologies in educational work;

6.3. to create a motivation for the selection of a career.

7. Not less than five subjects shall be acquired in the Latvian language in minority education programmes in each school year. This number shall not include the Latvian language and literature.

8. The acquisition of educational content in the minority language may be ensured up to two fifths of the total study load in a school year.

III. Mandatory Content of General Secondary Education Programmes

9. The content of education programmes shall include the following fields of education which are formed by the relevant subjects:

9.1. the field of languages:

9.1.1. the Latvian language;

9.1.2. foreign languages;

9.1.3. a minority language and literature;

9.2. the field of mathematics and computing:

9.2.1. mathematics;

9.2.2. information sciences;

9.2.3. programming basics;

9.2.4. technical drawing;

9.3. the field of sports and health:

9.3.1. sport;

9.3.2. health studies;

9.4. the field of natural sciences:

9.4.1. physics;

9.4.2. chemistry;

9.4.3. biology;

9.4.4. natural sciences;

9.5. the field of social sciences:

9.5.1. history of Latvia and the world;

9.5.2. economics;

9.5.3. philosophy;

9.5.4. geography;

9.5.5. psychology;

9.5.6. politics and law;

9.5.7. household;

9.5.8. ethics;

9.5.9. culturology;

9.6. the field of art:

9.6.1. literature;

9.6.2. music;

9.6.3. visual arts.

10. The mandatory content of education programmes shall comprise:

10.1. in the general education direction:

10.1.1. for students with the Latvian language of instruction:

10.1.1.1. the Latvian language;

10.1.1.2. the first foreign language;

10.1.1.3. the second foreign language;

10.1.1.4. mathematics;

10.1.1.5. information sciences;

10.1.1.6. sport;

10.1.1.7. history of Latvia and the world;

10.1.1.8. at least three of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.1.1.9. physics;

10.1.1.10. chemistry;

10.1.1.11. biology;

10.1.1.12. literature;

10.1.1.13. music or visual arts;

10.1.2. for students who acquire minority education programmes:

10.1.2.1. the Latvian language;

10.1.2.2. a minority language and literature;

10.1.2.3. the first foreign language;

10.1.2.4. mathematics;

10.1.2.5. information sciences;

10.1.2.6. sport;

10.1.2.7. history of Latvia and the world;

10.1.2.8. at least three of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.1.2.9. physics;

10.1.2.10. chemistry;

10.1.2.11. biology;

10.1.2.12. literature;

10.1.2.13. music or visual arts;

10.2. in the humanitarian and social direction:

10.2.1. for students with the Latvian language of instruction:

10.2.1.1. the Latvian language;

10.2.1.2. the first foreign language;

10.2.1.3. the second foreign language;

10.2.1.4. the third foreign language;

10.2.1.5. mathematics;

10.2.1.6. information sciences;

10.2.1.7. sport;

10.2.1.8. history of Latvia and the world;

10.2.1.9. at least three of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.2.1.10. natural sciences;

10.2.1.11. literature;

10.2.1.12. music;

10.2.1.13. visual arts;

10.2.2. for students who acquire minority education programmes:

10.2.2.1. the Latvian language;

10.2.2.2. a minority language and literature;

10.2.2.3. the first foreign language;

10.2.2.4. the second foreign language;

10.2.2.5. mathematics;

10.2.2.6. information sciences;

10.2.2.7. sport;

10.2.2.8. history of Latvia and the world;

10.2.2.9. at least three of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.2.2.10. natural sciences;

10.2.2.11. literature;

10.2.2.12. music;

10.2.2.13. visual arts;

10.3. in the direction of mathematics, natural sciences and machinery:

10.3.1. for students with the Latvian language of instruction:

10.3.1.1. the Latvian language;

10.3.1.2. the first foreign language;

10.3.1.3. the second foreign language;

10.3.1.4. mathematics;

10.3.1.5. information sciences;

10.3.1.6. sport;

10.3.1.7. history of Latvia and the world;

10.3.1.8. at least two of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.3.1.9. physics;

10.3.1.10. chemistry;

10.3.1.11. biology;

10.3.1.12. literature;

10.3.1.13. music or visual arts;

10.3.2. for students who acquire minority education programmes:

10.3.2.1. the Latvian language;

10.3.2.2. a minority language and literature;

10.3.2.3. the first foreign language;

10.3.2.4. mathematics;

10.3.2.5. information sciences;

10.3.2.6. sport;

10.3.2.7. history of Latvia and the world;

10.3.2.8. at least two of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.3.2.9. physics;

10.3.2.10. chemistry;

10.3.2.11. biology;

10.3.2.12. literature;

10.3.2.13. music or visual arts;

10.4. in the vocational direction:

10.4.1. for students with the Latvian language of instruction:

10.4.1.1. the Latvian language;

10.4.1.2. the first foreign language;

10.4.1.3. the second foreign language;

10.4.1.4. mathematics;

10.4.1.5. information sciences;

10.4.1.6. sport;

10.4.1.7. history of Latvia and the world;

10.4.1.8. at least two of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.4.1.9. natural sciences;

10.4.1.10. literature;

10.4.1.11. music or visual arts;

10.4.2. for students who acquire minority education programmes:

10.4.2.1. the Latvian language;

10.4.2.2. a minority language and literature;

10.4.2.3. the first foreign language;

10.4.2.4. mathematics;

10.4.2.5. information sciences;

10.4.2.6. sport;

10.4.2.7. history of Latvia and the world;

10.4.2.8. at least two of the subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 9.3.2, 9.5.2, 9.5.3, 9.5.4, 9.5.5, 9.5.6, 9.5.7, 9.5.8 and 9.5.9 of this Regulation;

10.4.2.9. natural sciences;

10.4.2.10. literature;

10.4.2.11. music or visual arts;

10.4.3. educational institutions shall include subjects with practical direction in a programme of the vocational direction.

11. The subjects referred to in Sub-paragraphs 10.1.1.3, 10.1.1.6, 10.1.2.6, 10.2.1.4, 10.2.1.7, 10.2.2.4, 10.2.2.7, 10.3.1.3, 10.3.1.6, 10.3.2.6, 10.4.1.3, 10.4.1.6 and 10.4.2.6 of this Regulation need not be included in the evening (shift) and extramural education programmes (for youth and adults) in conformity with the direction of education programmes selected by the educational institution.

12. The subjects referred to in Sub-paragraph 10.1.1, 10.1.2, 10.2.1, 10.2.2, 10.3.1, 10.3.2, 10.4.1 or 10.4.2 of this Regulation shall form the content of general secondary education catch-up programme in conformity with the direction of education programmes selected by the educational institution.

13. The subjects referred to in Paragraph 9 of this Regulation, which extend the education fields characteristic to the direction of education programme, as well as amateur art activity classes may be included in the education programme of the educational institution.

14. An educational institution may include the subjects not referred in Paragraph 9 of this Regulation in the education programme, not exceeding the load and number of lessons per day laid down in the General Education Law for education programmes. Educational institutions shall draw up such subject standards independently and co-ordinate with the National Centre for Education.

15. The content of education programmes shall be determined by the following subject standards:

15.1. The Latvian Language. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 1);

15.2. Foreign Language. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 2);

15.3. Minority Language and Literature (in minority education programmes). General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 3);

15.4. Mathematics. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 4);

15.5. Information Sciences. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 5);

15.6. Programming Basics. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 6);

15.7. Technical Drawing. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 7);

15.8. Sport. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 8);

15.9. Health Studies. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 9);

15.10. Physics. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 10);

15.11. Chemistry. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 11);

15.12. Biology. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 12);

15.13. Natural Sciences. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 13);

15.14. History of Latvia and the World. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 14);

15.15. Economics. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 15);

15.16. Philosophy. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 16);

15.17. Geography. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 17);

15.18. Psychology. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 18);

15.19. Politics and Law. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 19);

15.20. Household. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 20);

15.21. Ethics. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 21);

15.22. Culturology. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 22);

15.23. Literature. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 23);

15.24. Music. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 24);

15.25. Visual Arts. General Secondary Education Subject Standard (Annex 25).

IV. Basic Principles and Procedures for the Evaluation of General Secondary Education Acquired by Students

16. The basic principles for the evaluation of general secondary education acquired by students shall be as follows:

16.1. the principle of openness and clarity of requirements - the mandatory content of the subject and the requirements for achievements by the student shall be laid down in the subject standards;

16.2. the principle of aggregation of achievements - the general secondary education acquired shall be evaluated, aggregating achievements for the acquisition of mandatory educational content;

16.3. the principle of appropriateness of the evaluation - in the final examination an opportunity shall be given to attest one's knowledge, skills and attitudes in tasks, questions, examples and situations appropriate for all cognitive levels. The organisation of the examination shall ensure adequate and objective evaluation;

16.4. the principle of diversity of types used for the determination of the evaluation - written, practical, oral and combined examinations, evaluation of individual and group achievements and various examinations shall be used in the evaluation of educational achievements;

16.5. the principle of regularity of evaluation - educational achievements shall be evaluated on a regular basis in order to ascertain the knowledge, skills, attitudes acquired by a student and improve further process of education;

16.6. the principle of mandatory evaluation - it is necessary to obtain an evaluation in all subjects of an education programme and in State examinations, except those subjects and State examinations, from which a student has been released.

17. The State examinations regarding acquisition of the general secondary education shall be not less than four:

17.1. a centralised examination in the Latvian language;

17.2. a centralised examination in one foreign language according to the choice of a student;

17.3. a centralised examination in mathematics;

17.4. at least one examination according to the choice of a student which conforms to one of the following conditions:

17.4.1. in a subject in which the examination (except those referred to in Sub-paragraphs 17.1, 17.2 and 17.3 of this Regulation) is organised by the National Centre for Education;

17.4.2. in a subject, the amount of which in an education programme is not less than 105 teaching hours and in which the examination is organised by an education specialist of the local government, education administration institution or educational institution.

18. The organiser of the evaluation of general secondary education acquired by a student and the evaluator shall be:

18.1. a teacher;

18.2. administration of the educational institution;

18.3. the National Centre for Education.

19. The content of materials of State examinations shall be in the Latvian language (except examinations of foreign languages and examination in a minority language and literature).

20. The National Centre for Education may consider the results of examinations organised by other institutions as equivalent to the levels of centralised examinations, if there is an agreement with an institution which is the implementer of the particular examination. The algorithm for comparison shall be determined by an expert opinion that the programme and the content of examination to be considered equivalent conforms to the requirements laid down in the general secondary education standard in the particular subject.

V. Forms and Methodological Techniques for Evaluating Educational Achievements

21. Achievements of a student shall be evaluated in conformity with the basic principles and procedures for the evaluation of the State general secondary education acquired.

22. Evaluation of educational achievements may be organised in oral, written, practical or combined form.

23. Evaluation shall be an integrative component of the educational process for the determination of knowledge, skills, attitudes, as well as improvement of educational process.

24. The types for evaluating educational achievements shall be as follows:

24.1. introductory evaluation at the beginning of the educational process before the acquisition of the theme or subject, determining the level of the acquired knowledge and the acquisition of skills of the students in order to take a decision on further educational process;

24.2. current evaluation, determining achievements of the students in order to improve them during the educational process, to co-ordinate the course of the educational process, the mutual conformity of the educational objective and educational methods used, to facilitate self-evaluation skills and responsibility of the students;

24.3. final evaluation, determining the level of acquisition of the knowledge and skills of students at the end of the theme or logical part of the theme, semester, school year, course or education level.

25. Varied methodological techniques shall be used in evaluating educational achievements in conformity with the educational methods used in the educational process:

25.1. in the introductory evaluation - observation, conversation, questionnaire, solving of exercises or similar methodological technique;

25.2. in the current evaluation - observation, conversation, questionnaire, solving of exercises, work with a text, laboratory work, experiment, presentation, visualisation, individual or group project, essay, report, discussion, portfolio, home work or similar methodological technique;

25.3. in the final evaluation - a written or combined examination, laboratory work, research work, composition, individual or group project, portfolio, test, examination or similar methodological technique.

26. The achievements of a student shall be evaluated according to the scale of 10 points (Annex 26).

27. In centralised examinations achievements of students shall be expressed in evaluation in the form of percentage. The evaluation obtained shall be entered in the general secondary education certificate, indicating the total percentage evaluation and percentage evaluation for each part of the examination. The students whose performance in a foreign language centralised examination conforms to the language skill level B1, B2 or C1 laid down in Paragraph 10 of Annex 2 to this Regulation, the acquired level of language skills shall be recorded in the certificate.

28. The types, forms, methodological techniques for evaluating educational achievements, the amount, number, performance time and evaluation criteria of examinations shall be determined by the performer of the evaluation of educational achievements in accordance with the procedures laid down in this Regulation, taking into account the content of the relevant subject and the education programme implemented in the educational institution.

29. If in accordance with Paragraph 26 of this Regulation it is not possible to evaluate the study achievements of a student, the evaluator of study achievements shall use the designation "n/e" (no evaluation) in the mandatory documentation of the educational institution. The cases in which the evaluator of study achievements is entitled to use the designation "n/e" shall be determined by the educational institution in internal regulations.

30. Evaluation in a subject per year shall be determined:

30.1. taking into account the evaluation of the first and second semester, as well as the evaluation of the final examination of the study year;

30.2. for an external student, taking into account evaluations of the examinations passed.

VI. Sample General Secondary Education Programmes

31. Annex 27 to this Regulation prescribes a sample education programme for the following education programmes according to the classification of education of Latvia:

31.1. for the acquisition of education in full-time studies:

31.1.1. for the Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011011);

31.1.2. for the Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012011);

31.1.3. for the Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013011);

31.1.4. for the Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014011);

31.1.5. for the Minority Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011021);

31.1.6. for the Minority Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012021);

31.1.7. for the Minority Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013021);

31.1.8. for the Minority Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014021);

31.2. for the acquisition of education in evening (shift) form:

31.2.1. for the Evening (Shift) Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011012);

31.2.2. for the Evening (Shift) Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012012);

31.2.3. for the Evening (Shift) Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013012);

31.2.4. for the Evening (Shift) Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014012);

31.2.5. for the Minority Evening (Shift) Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011022);

31.2.6. for the Minority Evening (Shift) Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012022);

31.2.7. for the Minority Evening (Shift) Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013022);

31.2.8. for the Minority Evening (Shift) Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014022);

31.3. for the acquisition of education in extramural form:

31.3.1. for the Extramural Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011013);

31.3.2. for the Extramural Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012013);

31.3.3. for the Extramural Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013013);

31.3.4. for the Extramural Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014013);

31.3.5. for the Extramural Minority Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011023);

31.3.6. for the Extramural Minority Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012023);

31.3.7. for the Extramural Minority Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013023);

31.3.8. for the Extramural Minority Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014023);

31.4. for special education programmes:

31.4.1. for the General Secondary Special Education Programme for Visually-impaired Students (code of the education programme 31015111);

31.4.2. for the General Secondary Special Education Minority Programme for Visually-impaired Students (code of the education programme 31015121);

31.4.3. for the General Secondary Special Education Programme for Hearing-impaired Students (code of the education programme 31015211);

31.4.4. for the General Secondary Special Education Minority Programme for Hearing-impaired Students (code of the education programme 31015221);

31.4.5. for the General Secondary Special Education Programme for Students with Physical Development Impairments (code of the education programme 31015311);

31.4.6. for the General Secondary Special Education Minority Programme for Students with Physical Development Impairments (code of the education programme 31015321);

31.4.7. for the General Secondary Special Education Programme for Students with Somatic Function Impairments (code of the education programme 31015411);

31.4.8. for the General Secondary Special Education Minority Programme for Students with Somatic Function Impairments (code of the education programme 31015421);

31.4.9. for the General Secondary Special Education Programme for Students with Language Impairments (code of the education programme 31015511);

31.4.10. for the General Secondary Special Education Minority Programme for Students with Language Impairments (code of the education programme 31015521);

31.4.11. for the General Secondary Special Education Programme for Students with Learning Disabilities (code of the education programme 31015611);

31.4.12. for the General Secondary Special Education Minority Programme for Students with Learning Disabilities (code of the education programme 31015621).

32. Annex 28 to this Regulation prescribes a sample education programme for the following distances learning programmes of general secondary education:

32.1. for the Distance Learning Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011013);

32.2. for the Distance Learning Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012013);

32.3. for the Distance Learning Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013013);

32.4. for the Distance Learning Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014013);

32.5. for the Minority Distance Learning Programme of General Education Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31011023);

32.6. for the Minority Distance Learning Programme of Humanitarian and Social Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31012023);

32.7. for the Minority Distance Learning Programme of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Engineering Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31013023);

32.8. for the Minority Distance Learning Programme of Vocational Direction of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 31014023).

33. Annex 29 to this Regulation prescribes a sample education programme for the acquisition of education after vocational education:

33.1. Catch-up Programme of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 36011011);

33.2. Minority Catch-up Programme of General Secondary Education (code of the education programme 36011012).

VII. Closing Provisions

34. Cabinet Regulation No. 715 of 2 September 2008, Regulations Regarding the State General Secondary Education Standard and General Secondary Education Subject Standards (Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2008, No. 145; 2009, No. 99, 187; 2012, No. 3), is repealed.

35. Educational institutions are entitled to implement general secondary education programmes, which are implemented on the basis of a licence issued until the day of coming into force of this Regulation and which conform to the requirements laid down in this Regulation, until the end of the term of validity of the licence.

36. Educational institutions shall re-licence general secondary education programmes, which are implemented on the basis of a licence issued until the day of coming into force of this Regulation, but which do not conform to the requirements laid down in this Regulation, until 1 September 2014.

Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis

Minister for Education and Science Vjačeslavs Dombrovskis

 

Annex 15
Cabinet Regulation No. 281
21 May 2013

Economics
General Education Subject Standard

I. Objective and Tasks of the Subject

1. The objective of the subject "Economics" is to promote the understanding of a student regarding economic processes in the society and to develop skills for involvement and practical participation therein, forming a career according to the skills and interests of each person and the development tendencies of the society.

2. The tasks of the subject "Economics" are to provide a student with an opportunity:

2.1. to grow into a competitive and enterprising individual who corresponds to the development tendencies of the society and who, by participating in various economic processes, engages in his or her occupation according to this or her abilities, interests and economic situation in the region, state and the world;

2.2. to form an understanding regarding the organisational structure of the socio-economic system;

2.3. to form an understanding how values, interests and actions of individuals and social groups may change the social, economic, political, legal and cultural environment;

2.4. to form an understanding regarding the economic policy and objectives of individuals, social groups and the government in the provision of macro-economic stability and sustainable development of economy;

2.5. to develop the skill to obtain information regarding economic processes occurring in the society, to compile, analyse and take efficient and justified decision.

II. Mandatory Content of the Subject

3. Component of the study content "Individual and Society":

3.1. entrepreneurial skills;

3.2. basic problem of economics;

3.3. alternatives, alternative costs, decision-making;

3.4. the role of an individual in economics:

3.4.1. the action of an individual in the labour market;

3.4.2. individual as consumer;

3.4.3. individual as producer;

3.4.4. individual as investor.

4. Component of the study content "Cultural Environment in Time and Space":

4.1. basic issues of economics and economic systems;

4.2. grounds and incentives for directions of economic actions;

4.3. property law;

4.4. economic objectives;

4.5. production, work sharing, specialisation and shift;

4.6. money, its types and functions;

4.7. market participants;

4.8. competition, market types and structure;

4.9. demand, offer and price;

4.10. production organisation;

4.11. resources of an undertaking;

4.12. productivity;

4.13. production costs and profit;

4.14. economic and technological efficiency;

4.15. innovations in production;

4.16. marketing;

4.17. international economics;

4.18. economic resources, efficient use thereof;

4.19. globalisation;

4.20. economics of Latvia in the European Union.

5. Component of the study content "Society, State and Power":

5.1. market deficiencies;

5.2. the role of the State in economics;

5.3. economic functions of the government;

5.4. public goods and services;

5.5. public welfare and poverty;

5.6. governing of economic activity;

5.7. State revenue and expenses;

5.8. macro-economic stability:

5.8.1. gross domestic product;

5.8.2. cyclical development of economics;

5.8.3. total demand and total offer;

5.8.4. macro-economic balance;

5.8.5. full employment;

5.8.6. inflation and types thereof;

5.9. fiscal policy;

5.10. objectives and functions of the central bank, monetary policy.

6. Component of the study content "Operation":

6.1. use of information sources for argumentation of one's own opinion and for analysis of economic processes;

6.2. use of charts, schemes and diagrams in the forming and analysis of economic processes.

III. Basic Requirements for the Acquisition of the Subject

7. Component of the study content "Individual and Society":

7.1. understands the essence of economic, the issues to be studied, its place and significance among other social sciences and in the forming of entrepreneurial skills;

7.2. understands the basic problem of economics, knows how to evaluate alternatives and to take an economic decision;

7.3. understands that economic processes are explained by using models of economics;

7.4. is able to perceive economic problems, characterise them and offer options for solving them;

7.5. knows how to construct and curved line of production options and to determine alternative costs using such curved line;

7.6. understands the role of an individual in economics;

7.7. understands how the labour market operates, what is labour force (economically active inhabitants) and employment;

7.8. knows the types of work, qualification of employees, work conditions, growth opportunities and basic requirements for getting involved in the labour market;

7.9. understands what is unemployment and forms of unemployment and knows how to find a solution in an unemployment situation;

7.10. understands the significance of social dialogue and trade unions in the labour market;

7.11. knows how to create individual budget, plan expenses and make a choice in the market;

7.12. knows consumer rights and knows how to act in accordance with the procedures laid down in laws and regulations;

7.13. knows what is an employer, an employee and a self-employed person, understands their role in production and the principles of how income is formed;

7.14. understands the forms of wages and knows how to calculate net wage;

7.15. understands what are savings and where to accumulate them;

7.16. understands the essence of different funds (for example, insurance, pension and investment funds);

7.17. is aware of and evaluates the options for his or her actions in monetary, security and insurance markets;

7.18. recognises the significance of ethics in different forms of competition in economics.

8. Component of the study content "Cultural Environment in Time and Space":

8.1. knows how to characterise economic systems;

8.2. analyses and characterises the economic system of Latvia;

8.3. understands and characterises a simplified circular-flow model;

8.4. understands economic systems, their most significant institutions and the impact of economic systems on the distribution of production resources;

8.5. knows the types and functions of money and understands the role of money in economics;

8.6. knows how to characterise different types of markets, to compare them and analyse the advantages and disadvantages of each type;

8.7. knows the types of competition and their impact on market participants;

8.8. using the information provided, knows how to create a table of demand and offer, to draw charts and determine the price of balance;

8.9. understands the impact of different factors on request, demand and the price of goods;

8.10. understands what is entrepreneurial activity and commercial activity;

8.11. knows the legal forms of commercial activities in Latvia and analyses their advantages and deficiencies;

8.12. knows the concept "intellectual property" and its division;

8.13. understands that exploration of intellectual property in each undertaking, as well as its protection is a pre-condition for long-term and successful entrepreneurial activity;

8.14. understands the concept "funds of the undertaking";

8.15. knows the types of division of the funds of an undertaking and how they are presented in a balance sheet;

8.16. knows how to calculate labour productivity and to evaluate its role in increasing the productivity of an undertaking;

8.17. knows the types of production costs, knows how to calculate and use them in taking decisions in relation to production;

8.18. understands the difference between the accounting profit and economic profit of an undertaking, knows how to calculate them;

8.19. understands the role of marketing in entrepreneurial activities and knows the basic elements thereof;

8.20. understands international economic relations, the significance of export and import in entrepreneurial activities;

8.21. understands the advantages of free trade, the essence of the protectionist policy and the means for its implementation;

8.22. understands how the exchange rates are formed and knows how to make calculations in currency exchange transactions;

8.23. understands the role of export and import in calculation of the national gross domestic product and the development of national economy;

8.24. understands the role of efficient use of resources;

8.25. discusses on the economic resources of Latvia and the efficiency of their use;

8.26. understands the significance of investments and innovation investment in the development of human capital;

8.27. understands the significance of ensuring sustainable development;

8.28. is able to see the opportunities for the development of economics of Latvia and the problems in the European Union.

9. Component of the study content "Society, State and Power":

9.1. understands the inability of the market to solve problems;

9.2. understands the role of the State in economics, its functions and necessity to ensure inhabitants with goods and services of social significance;

9.3. understands the essence of poverty and sees opportunities for improving the public welfare;

9.4. understands the essence of taxes and their role in economics;

9.5. understands how revenue and expenses of the State budget are formed;

9.6. understands the occurrence of value added tax and knows the methods for calculation of gross domestic product;

9.7. understands the cyclical development of economics, the actions of an individual and the government in each stage of the cycle of economic activity;

9.8. understands the essence of the total demand, total offer and macro-economic balance;

9.9. understands what is full employment;

9.10. understands the impact of inflation on different participants of economics and knows how to calculate its rate;

9.11. understands the operation of the bank system;

9.12. understands the operation of the monetary market;

9.13. knows the role of the central bank and its possibilities in governing economic activity.

10. Component of the study content "Operation":

10.1. understands the role of limitedness and is able to take an efficient decision based on evaluation of alternatives;

10.2. analyses the opportunity of choice - to become an employer or an employee - and is ready to get involved in the labour market in one of these roles, being aware of his or her rights and obligations;

10.3. is aware of the role of prudent use of resources in the provision of sustainable development of the state and is able to take an efficient decision on the use of resources at his or her disposal, which is based on a reasoned analysis;

10.4. is able to see opportunities for getting involved in commercial activities as an employer, employee or self-employed person;

10.5. takes a decision and assumes responsibility for his or her choice in different economical situations;

10.6. is aware of the necessity to inquiring regarding economics in lifelong education.

11. The attitudes of a student shall be characterised by the requirements referred to in Sub-paragraphs 7.17, 7.18, 10.5 and 10.6 of this Annex.

Minister for Education and Science Vjačeslavs Dombrovskis

 


Translation © 2014 Valsts valodas centrs (State Language Centre)

 
Document information
Status:
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in force
Issuer: Cabinet of Ministers Type: regulation Document number: 281Adoption: 21.05.2013.Entry into force: 06.06.2013.Publication: "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 107 (4913), 05.06.2013. OP number: 2013/107.2
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