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LEGAL ACTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA
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The translation of this document is outdated.
Translation validity: 21.07.2006.–31.12.2008.
Amendments not included: 14.11.2008., 12.06.2009., 02.05.2013.

Disclaimer: The English language text below is provided by the Translation and Terminology Centre for information only; it confers no rights and imposes no obligations separate from those conferred or imposed by the legislation formally adopted and published. Only the latter is authentic. The original Latvian text uses masculine pronouns in the singular. The Translation and Terminology Centre uses the principle of gender-neutral language in its English translations. In addition, gender-specific Latvian nouns have been translated as gender-neutral terms, e.g. chairperson.

Text consolidated by Tulkošanas un terminoloģijas centrs (Translation and Terminology Centre) with amending laws of:

1 April 1998;
4 March 1999;
5 April 2001;
27 May 2004;
22 June 2006.

If a whole or part of a section has been amended, the date of the amending law appears in square brackets at the end of the section. If a whole section, paragraph or clause has been deleted, the date of the deletion appears in square brackets beside the deleted section, paragraph or clause.

The Saeima1 has adopted
and the President has proclaimed the following Law:

On Uniformity of Measurements

Chapter I
General Provisions

Section 1. Terms Used in this Law

The following terms are used in this Law:

1) reference material - a material or substance the values of one or several qualities of which are sufficiently homogeneous and definable in order to use them for calibration of measuring instruments, evaluation of measurement methods or determination of a value of materials;

11) subsequent verification - the periodic verification of measuring instruments after the previous verification, as well as the verification of measuring instruments after the repair thereof;

2) pre-packaged product - a product provided for consumption in a separate packaging of any type which envelops the product so that it is impossible to access it without opening or changing the packaging;

3) calibration - aggregate of operations, which in contingent conditions detects coherence between values of quantities indicated by measuring instruments or the measurement system, existing values of a material measure or reference material and values which are reproduced from the corresponding standard unit of measurement;

4) material measure - a measure by which the known value of one or several concrete quantities, which is permanent during the period of the measure use, is reproduced or substituted;

5) traceability of measurements - the connection of the measurement result or the value of the measurement standard with national or international measurement standard;

6) uniformity of measurements - an expression of the measurable quantities in measurement units specified by Law, provided that the values of measurement results are reproduced from national or international measurement standards and the error of results is known with an estimated uncertainty;

7) measuring instrument - an installation that is intended for measuring independently or together with additional installations;

8) approval of measuring instrument type - measuring instrument type conformity assessment in accordance with regulatory enactments, which determines the approval of measuring instrument type for use in the regulated sphere;

9) process of measurement - an aggregate of consecutive activities for the determination of the value of the measurable quantity;

10) measurement standard - a material measure, a measuring instrument, a reference material or a measurement system which is intended for the definition, realisation, conservation or reproduction of a measurement unit, a value of one or several quantities;

11) national measurement standard - a standard recognised by a regulatory enactment of the Cabinet, which serves as a basis of definite quantity for other standard quantities related thereto in the State;

111) initial verification - verification of a previously unverified measuring instrument prior to its placement on the market or putting into service;

12) legal metrology - a field of metrology, which includes those requirements and norms that are determined and controlled by the State;

13) international measurement standard - a standard recognised by an international agreement, which serves as a basis of definite quantity for other standard quantities related thereto;

14) State Register of Measuring Instruments - a list of approved measuring instrument types permitted to use in the Republic of Latvia in fields subject to metrological control;

15) State metrological supervision - a particular activity of a State authority the purpose of which is to examine the compliance with the laws and regulations in the field of legal metrology; and

16) verification - an aggregate of activities in order to detect and confirm that the measuring instruments subject to the State metrological control conform to the specified requirements.

[1 April 1998; 5 April 2001; 22 June 2006]

Section 2. Purpose of this Law

(1) The purpose of this Law is to ensure the uniformity of measurements in the Republic of Latvia in order to protect the life and health of human beings, the environment and the consumer from the negative consequences of inaccurate and incorrect measurements and to promote the development of national economy and international co-operation.

(2) Uniformity of measurements in the State shall be ensured by traceability of measurements to national and international measurement standards.

(3) This Law prescribes general metrological requirements for measuring instruments and pre-packaged products intended for distribution.

[5 April 2001]

Chapter II
Measurement Units

Section 3. System of Measurement Units

(1) International System of Units accepted at the General Conference on Weights and Measures shall be used in the Republic of Latvia.

(2) The Cabinet thereof shall approve names of measurement units and the spelling thereof.

Section 4. Off-system Measurement Units

Measurement units not included in the International System of Units, as well as dimensionless characteristics and coefficients, which are regarded as substantial in separate types of measurement, may be used in compliance with the Cabinet Regulations. These measurement units shall be directly related to the International System of Units.

Chapter III
Physical Reproduction of Measurement Units

Section 5. Standards of Measurement Units

(1) Measurement units of physical quantities shall be reproduced with the help of the national measurement standards.

(2) A list of the national measurement standards developed by the State Agency Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs [Latvian National Metrology Centre] (hereinafter - the Metrology Agency) shall be approved by the Cabinet.

(3) Traceability of the national measurement standards to international measurement standards and the reproduction of the measurement units shall be ensured.

[4 March 1999; 22 June 2006]

Chapter IV
Measuring Instruments

Section 6. Compliance of Measuring Instruments

(1) Measuring instruments that are subject to the State metrological control shall comply with the requirements prescribed in this Law and other regulatory enactments.

(2) The metrological requirements for measuring instruments subject to the State metrological control and the procedures for metrology control thereof shall be determined by the Cabinet.

[5 April 2001]

Chapter V
State Metrological Control and Supervision

Section 7. Fields of State Metrological Control of Measuring instruments

(1) Those measuring instruments shall be subject to the State metrological control, which are used in:

1) the protection of life and health of a human being;

2) the manufacturing and control of medicinal products, perfumery and cosmetic products and food products;

3) environmental protection and control;

4) the work safety, technical safety and traffic safety control;

5) trade, banking, tax, customs and postal operations;

6) the accounting of energy resources and other resources;

7) geodesy and hydrometeorology works; and in

8) conducting investigation and expert examination.

(2) The Cabinet shall approve a list of measuring instruments subject to State metrological control, indicating the initial verification thereof, as well as the periodicity of the subsequent verifications.

[22 June 2006]

Section 8. Types of the State Metrological Control of Measuring Instruments

(1) The following types of the State metrological control shall be specified for measuring instruments:

1) approval of the type of measuring instruments;

2) initial verification;

3) subsequent verification; and

3) State metrological supervision.

(2) For measuring instruments, which are subject to conformity assessment procedures in accordance with the Law On Conformity Assessment, metrological control shall be performed according to the procedures specified by the Cabinet, as well as subsequent verification and State metrological supervision.

[22 June 2006]

Section 9. Management of the Control and Supervision of Measuring Instruments

(1) The types of measuring instruments subject to the State metrological control shall be approved and included in the State Register of Measuring Instruments. The Metrology Agency shall register the types of measuring instruments, except those approved according to the specific procedures in the Law On Conformity Assessment.

(2) The approval and initial and subsequent verification of measuring instrument types shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of the International Organisation of Legal Metrology and the European Union in this field.

(3) Measuring instrument types subject to the State metrological control shall be approved by the Metrology Agency.

(4) Laboratories accredited in the regulated field in accordance with the procedures prescribed by the Cabinet may perform the initial and subsequent verification of measuring instruments subject to the State metrological control.

(41) In cases specified by the Cabinet, accredited certification bodies the accreditation whereof is announced in the newspaper "Latvijas Vēstnesis" [the official Gazette of the Government of Latvia] shall perform the approval of measuring instrument types subject to the State metrological control.

(5) A positive result of the initial and subsequent verification of measuring instruments shall be confirmed with a special mark on the measuring instrument or by the issue of a verification certificate.

(6) The Cabinet shall determine the form of the measuring instrument initial and subsequent verification mark and the information to be included in the initial and subsequent verification certificate.

(7) The initial and subsequent verification of measuring instruments performed in other countries shall be recognised in the Republic of Latvia in accordance with the international agreements.

(8) The Consumer Rights Protection Centre shall perform the State metrological supervision.

(9) In performing State metrological supervision the Consumer Rights Protection Centre shall check:

1) proper utilisation of measurement units and designation thereof;

2) the periodicity of subsequent verifications and compliance with the operation instructions of measuring instruments;

3) compliance with the rules for type approval, distribution and repairs of a measuring instrument;

4) proper performance of measuring processes;

5) proper drawing up of measurement results; and

6) compliance of the amount of pre-packaged products provided for distribution with the designation thereof.

(10) The Consumer Rights Protection Centre is authorised to perform metrological supervision in places, which use, manufacture, repair or sell measuring instruments.

[01 April 1998; 27 May 2004; 22 June 2006]

Section 10. Compliance Control of the Indicated Quantity of Pre-packaged Products

(1) In performing trade operations with pre-packaged products, the quantity indicated on the packaging (container) and the compliance of the designation thereof shall be subject to the State metrological control.

(2) The Cabinet shall prescribe the metrological requirements and the procedures for metrological control for pre-packaged products.

(3) The Cabinet shall approve the list of standard values of nominal quantity of pre-packaged products and nominal capacity of packaging.

[5 April 2001]

Section 11. Rights and Obligations of Natural Persons and Legal Persons

(1) For the purpose of this Law a natural or a legal person is a person who uses, manufactures, repairs or distributes measuring instruments subject to the State metrological control in the fields specified in Section 7 of this Law.

(2) Natural persons and legal persons have the right to receive from the Metrology Agency any information related to the provision of uniformity of measurements in the State.

(3) Observing the requirements of this Law and other regulatory enactments, natural persons and legal persons shall have an obligation to ensure constantly:

1) correctness of measurements;

2) proper utilisation of measurement units and designation thereof;

3) the approval of a measuring instrument type;

4) compliance with the subsequent verification periodicity of measuring instruments;

5) proper performance of the process of measurement;

6) compliance with the operation instructions of measuring instruments;

7) compliance of the indicated quantity of the pre-packaged products provided for distribution with the designation thereof; and

8) a possibility for the control and supervisory bodies to perform functions thereof.

[1 April 1998; 22 June 2006]

Chapter VI
Organisational Structure for Provision of Uniformity of Measurements

Section 12. Ministry of Economics

The Ministry of Economics shall develop a State policy for provision of uniformity of measurements.

Section 13. National Metrology Council

(1) The National Metrology Council shall participate in forming a State policy regarding the issues related to uniformity of measurements.

(2) The National Metrology Council is a consultative authority, which includes authorised representatives from sectors of national economy. The Cabinet shall approve the by-laws and composition thereof.

Section 14. Metrology Agency

(1) The Metrology Agency is a National metrology institution and it shall be responsible for compliance with this Law and other regulatory enactments in the field of metrology.

(2) The Metrology Agency is a State administration institution under the supervision of the Ministry of Economics.

(3) The main tasks of the Metrology Agency are to:

1) ensure a base of standards of physical quantity measurement units and reproduction of measurement units;

2) approve measuring instrument types and register them in the State Register of Measuring Instruments;

3) perform conformity assessment procedures for measuring instruments subject to State metrological control;

4) provide calibration services;

5) participate in the development of laws and other regulatory enactments associated with legal metrology;

6) to co-operate with metrology organisations of other states;

7) to engage in the work of international metrology organisations;

8) organise inter-laboratory comparisons and to participate thereto; and

9) organise training in the field of metrology.

[4 March 1999; 27 May 2004; 22 June 2006]

Section 15. State Metrological Inspection

[22 June 2006]

[1 April 1998; 22 June 2006]

Chapter VII
Financing

Section 16. Financing of Metrological Activity

(1) The following shall be financed from the funds of the State budget:

1) the purchase, development, maintenance and improvement of measurement standards;

2) the participation fees in international metrology organisations;

3) the State programmes in the field of legal metrology; and

4) State metrological supervision.

(2) [1 April 1998]

(3) All expenditures, which are associated with the approval of measuring instrument types, conformity assessment and calibration services, which are provided by the Metrology Agency, as well as inter-laboratory comparisons and training in the field of metrology, shall be covered by natural or legal persons according to the procedures specified in the regulatory enactments regarding charges for public services.

[1 April 1998; 22 June 2006]

Chapter VIII
Agreements

Section 17. International Agreements

If other conditions than those specified in this Law are provided in the international agreement approved by the Saeima, the conditions of the international agreement shall be applied.

Chapter IX
Liability for Violations of this Law

Section 18. Liability of Natural Persons and Legal Persons

(1) Natural persons and legal persons who have not observed the requirements of this Law, shall be held liable in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Latvia.

(2) Economic activity and activity of any other kind as a result of which the requirements and provisions of this Law are violated shall be suspended, limited or discontinued in accordance with the procedures prescribed in the laws of the Republic of Latvia.

Transitional Provisions

1. The Minister for Economics shall approve the by-law of the State non-profit limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs [The Latvian National Metrology Centre] and submit for registration in the Enterprise Register of the Republic of Latvia by 1 April 1999.

[4 March 1999]

2. The National Standardisation and Metrology Centre of Latvia shall operate until the registration of the State non-profit limited liability company The Latvian National Metrology Centre in the Enterprise Register of the Republic of Latvia.

[4 March 1999]

3. The non-profit State limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs shall be transformed into a limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs and applied for registration in the Commercial Register not later than until 31 October 2004. Until the registration of the limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs in the Commercial Register the tasks of the Metrology Centre specified in this Law shall be performed by the non-profit organisation State limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs.

[27 May 2004]

4. Section 9, Paragraph 41 of this Law shall come into force on 1 August 2005.

[27 May 2004]

5. The Cabinet shall approve the by-law of the Metrology Agency by 31 July 2006.

[22 June 2006]

6. Up to the commencement of the operations of the Metrology Agency, the limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs shall perform the functions of the Metrology Centre specified in this Law.

[22 June 2006]

7. Up to 31 December 2006, the State limited liability company Latvijas Nacionālais metroloģijas centrs shall perform initial and subsequent verification of the measuring instruments subject to State metrological control and ensure the accreditation of their laboratories in the regulated sphere at the State agency Latvijas Nacionālais akreditācijas birojs [Latvian National Accreditation Bureau].

[22 June 2006]

8. From 1 August 2006 shall commence the reorganisation of the State Metrological Inspection attaching it to the Consumer Rights Protection Centre.

[22 June 2006]

9. Up to 31 July the State Metrological Inspection shall perform the functions of the Consumer Rights Protection Centre specified in this Law.

[22 June 2006]

10. Up to the day of the coming into force of new Cabinet regulations, but not later than 31 December 2006, Cabinet Regulation No. 452 of 28 June 2005, Regulations regarding Verification of Measuring Instruments, Verification Certificates and Verification Marks shall be in force insofar as they do not conflict with this Law.

[22 June 2006]

11. The implementation of the functions specified in Section 9, Paragraphs eight and nine shall be commenced by the Consumer Rights Protection Centre from 1 august 2006.

[22 June 2006]

Informative Reference to European Union Directives

Legal provisions arising from the following directives have been included in this Law:

1) Directive 2004/22/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on measuring instruments; and

2) Council Directive 90/384/EEC of 20 June 1990 on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to non-automatic weighing instruments.

[22 June 2006]

This Law has been adopted by the Saeima on 27 February 1997.

President G. Ulmanis

Rīga, 11 March 1997

 


1 The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia

Translation © 2007 Tulkošanas un terminoloģijas centrs (Translation and Terminology Centre)

 
Document information
Status:
In force
in force
Issuer: Saeima Type: law Adoption: 27.02.1997.Entry into force: 25.03.1997.Theme:  ; Publication: Latvijas Vēstnesis, 69/70, 11.03.1997.; Latvijas Republikas Saeimas un Ministru Kabineta Ziņotājs, 7, 10.04.1997.
Language:
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