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LEGAL ACTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA
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Agreement between The Government of The Republic of Latvia and The Government of The Kingdom of Belgium on Air Transport

 

The Government of the Republic of Latvia and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium, hereinafter referred to as "the Contracting Parties";

Being parties to the Convention on International Civil Aviation opened for signature at Chicago, on the 7th day of December, 1944;

Desiring to conclude an agreement, supplementary to the said Convention, for the purpose of establishing air services between and beyond their respective territories;

Desiring to ensure the highest degree of safety and security in international air transport;

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1

Definitions

For the purpose of this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires:

a) the term "Convention" means the Convention on International Civil Aviation opened for signature at Chicago on the seventh day of December 1944 and includes any Annex adopted under Article 90 of that Convention and any amendment of the annexes or of the Convention under Articles 90 and 94 thereof so far as those Annexes and amendments have been adopted or ratified by both Contracting parties;

b) the term "Agreement" means this Agreement, the Annex attached thereto, and any modifications to the Agreement or to the Annex;

c) the term "aeronautical authorities" means: in the case of Latvia, The Ministry of Transport, and, in the case of Belgium, Ministry of Communications, or in both cases, any other authority or person empowered to perform the functions now exercised by the said authorities;

d) the terms "territory", "air service", "international air service", "airline" and "stop for non-traffic purposes" have the meaning respectively assigned to them in Articles 2 and 96 of the Convention;

e) the term "designated airline" means an airline which has been designated and authorized in accordance with Articles 3 and 4 of this Agreement;

f) the term "agreed services" means scheduled air services on the routes specified in the Annex to this Agreement for the transport of passengers, cargo and mail, separately or in combination;

g) the term "tariffs" means the prices to be paid for the carriage of passengers, baggage and cargo and the conditions under which those prices apply, including prices and conditions for agency and other ancillary services, but excluding remuneration and conditions for the carriage of mail;

h) the term "change of gauge" means the operation of one of the agreed services by a designated airline in such a way that one section of the route is flown by aircraft different in capacity from those used on another section;

i) The terms "aircraft equipment", "ground equipment", "aircraft stores", "spare parts" have the meanings respectively assigned to them in Annex 9 of the Convention.

Article 2

Grant of rights

1. Each Contracting Party grants to the other Contracting Party except as otherwise specified in the Annex the following rights for the conduct of international air services by the airline designated by the other Contracting Party:

a) to fly without landing across the territory of the other Contracting Party;

b) to make stops in the said territory for non-traffic purposes;

and

c) to make stops in the said territory for the purpose of taking up and discharging, while operating the routes specified in the Annex, international traffic in passengers, cargo and mail, separately or in combination.

2. Nothing in paragraph 1 of this article shall be deemed to confer on a designated airline of one Contracting Party the privilege of taking up, in the territory of the other Contracting Party, passengers, cargo and mail carried for remuneration or hire and destined for another point in the territory of that other Contracting Party.

Article 3

Designation to operate services

1. Each Contracting Party shall have the right to designate, by diplomatic note, to the other Contracting Party, an airline to operate the agreed services on the routes specified in the Annex for such a Contracting Party.

2. Each Contracting Party shall have the right to withdraw, by diplomatic note to the other Contracting Party, the designation of any airline and to designate another one.

Article 4

Authorization to operate services

1. Following receipt of a notice of designation by one Contracting Party pursuant to Article 3 of this Agreement, the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party shall, consistent with its laws and regulations, grant without delay to the airline so designated the appropriate authorizations to operate the agreed services for which that airline has been designated.

2. Upon receipt of such authorizations the airline may begin at any time to operate the agreed services, in whole or in part, provided that the airline complies with the applicable provisions of this Agreement and that tariffs are established in accordance with the provisions of Article 13 of this Agreement.

Article 5

Revocation or suspension of operating authorization

1. The aeronautical authorities of each Contracting Party shall have the right to withhold the authorizations referred to in Article 4 with respect to an airline designated by the other Contracting Party, to revoke or suspend such authorization or impose conditions, temporarily or permanently:

a) in the event of failure by such airline to satisfy them that it is qualified to fulfill the conditions prescribed under the laws and regulations normally and reasonably applied to the operation of international air services by these authorities in conformity with the Convention;

b) in the event of failure by such airline to operate in accordance with the conditions prescribed under this Agreement;

c) in the event of failure by such airline to comply with the laws and regulations of that Contracting Party;

d) in the event that they are not satisfied that substantial ownership and effective control of the airline are vested in the Contracting Party designating the airline or in its nationals.

2. Unless immediate action is essential to prevent infringement of the laws and regulations referred to above, the rights enumerated in paragraph 1 of this article shall be exercised only after consultations with the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party in conformity with Article 17 of this Agreement.

Article 6

Application of laws and regulations

1. The laws and regulations of one Contracting Party relating to the admission to, remaining in, or departure from its territory of aircraft engaged in international air navigation or to the operation and navigation of such aircraft shall be complied with by the designated airline of the other Contracting Party upon entrance into, departure from and while within the said territory.

2. The laws and regulations of one Contracting Party respecting entry, clearance, transit, immigration, passports, customs, currency, sanitary requirements and quarantine shall be complied with by the designated airline of the other Contracting Party and by or on behalf of its crews, passengers, cargo and mail upon transit of, admission to, departure from and while within the territory of such Contracting Party;

Passengers in transit across the territory of either Contracting Party shall be subject to no more than a simplified control.

3. Neither of the Contracting Parties shall give preference to its own or any other airline over an airline engaged in similar international air services of the other Contracting Party in the application of its regulations specified in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article or in the use of airports, airways, air traffic services and associated facilities under its control.

Article 7

Certificates and licences

1. Certificates of air worthiness, certificates of competency and licences issued or rendered valid by one Contracting Party and still in force, shall be recognized as valid by the other Contracting Party for the purpose of operating the agreed services on the routes specified in the Annex, provided that such certificates or licences were issued or rendered valid pursuant to, and in conformity with, the standards established under the Convention.

Each Contracting Party reserves the right, however, to refuse to recognize, for the purpose of flights above its own territory, certificates of competency and licences granted to its own nationals by the other Contracting Party.

2. If the certificates or licences referred to in paragraph 1 of this article were issued or rendered valid according to requirements different from the standards established under the Convention, and if such difference has been filed with the International Civil Aviation Organization, the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party may request consultations in accordance with Article 17 of this Agreement with a view to satisfying themselves that the requirements in question are acceptable to them.

Failure to reach a satisfactory agreement in matters regarding flight safety will constitute grounds for the application of Article 5 of this Agreement.

Article 8

Aviation security

1. The Contracting Parties reaffirm that their obligation to protect, in their mutual relationship, the security of civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference forms an integral part of this Agreement.

2. The Contracting Parties shall provide upon request all necessary assistance to each other to prevent acts of unlawful seizure of aircraft and other unlawful acts against the safety of passengers, crew, aircraft and airports and air navigation facilities and any other threat to aviation security.

3. The Contracting Parties shall act in conformity with the provisions of the Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on 14 September 1963, the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, signed at The Hague on 16 December 1970 and the Convention for the Suppression of Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, signed at Montreal on 23 September 1971.

4. The Contracting Parties shall, in their mutual relations, act in conformity with the aviation security provisions established by the International Civil Aviation Organization and designated as annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation to the extent that such security provisions are applicable to the Parties; they shall require that operators of aircraft of their registry or operators who have their principal place of business or permanent residence in their territory and the operators of airports in their territory act in conformity with such aviation security provisions.

5. Each Contracting Party agrees to observe the security provisions required by the other Contracting Party for entry into the territory of that other Contracting Party and to take adequate measures to inspect passengers, crew, their carry-on items as well as cargo prior to boarding or loading. Each Contracting Party shall also give positive consideration to any request from the other Contracting Party for special security measures for its aircraft or passengers to meet a particular threat.

6. When an incident or threat of an incident of unlawful seizure of aircraft or other unlawful acts against the safety of passengers, crew, aircraft, airports and air navigation facilities occurs, the Contracting Parties shall assist each other by facilitating communications and other appropriate measures intended to terminate rapidly and safely such incident or threat thereof.

7. Should a Contracting Party depart from the aviation security provisions of this article, the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party may request immediate consultations with the aeronautical authorities of that Party. Failure to reach a satisfactory agreement within thirty (30) days will constitute grounds for application of Article 5 of this Agreement.

Article 9

User charges

1. The charges imposed in the territory of one Contracting Party on the designated airline of the other Contracting Party for the use of airports and other aviation facilities by the aircraft of the designated airline of the other Contracting Party shall not be higher than those imposed on the designated airline of the first Contracting Party.

2. Each Contracting Party shall encourage consultations between its competent charging authorities and the designated airline using the facilities and services, where practicable, through the airlines" representative organizations. Reasonable notice should be given of any proposal for changes in user charges to enable them to express their views before changes are made.

Article 10

Customs and excise

1. Each Contracting Party shall exempt the designated airline of the other Contracting Party from import restrictions, customs duties, excise taxes, inspection fees and other national, regional or local duties and charges on aircraft, fuel, lubricating oils, consumable technical supplies, spare parts including engines, regular aircraft equipment, ground equipment, aircraft stores and other items intended for use or used solely in connection with the operation or servicing of aircraft of the designated airline of such other Contracting Party operating the agreed services, as well as printed ticket stock, airway bills, any printed material which bears the insignia of the company printed thereon and usual publicity material distributed without charge by that designated airline.

2. The exemptions granted by this article shall apply to the items referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, whether or not such items are used or consumed wholly within the territory of the Contracting Party granting the exemption, provided such items are:

a) introduced into the territory of one Contracting Party by or on behalf of the designated airline of the other Contracting Party, but not alienated in the territory of the said Contracting Party;

b) retained on board aircraft of the designated airline of one Contracting Party upon arriving in or leaving the territory of the other Contracting Party;

c) taken on board aircraft of the designated airline of one Contracting Party in the territory of the other Contracting Party and intended for use in operating the agreed services.

3. The regular airborne equipment, the ground equipment, as well as the materials and supplies normally retained on board the aircraft of the designated airline of either Contracting Party, may be unloaded in the territory of the other Contracting Party only with the approval of the Customs authorities of that territory. In such case, they may be placed under the supervision of the said authorities up to such time as they are re-exported or otherwise disposed of in accordance with Customs regulations.

4. Baggage and cargo in direct transit shall be exempt from customs duties and other taxes.

5. The exemptions provided for by this article shall also be available where the designated airline of one Contracting Party has contracted with another airline, which similarly enjoys such exemptions from the other Contracting Party, for the loan or transfer in the territory of the other Contracting Party of the items specified in paragraph 1 of this article.

Article 11

Capacity

1. There shall be fair and equal opportunity for the designated airline of each Contracting Party to operate the agreed services between and beyond their respective territories on the routes specified in the Annex to this Agreement.

2. In operating the agreed services, the designated airline of each Contracting Party shall take into account the interest of the designated airline of the other Contracting Party so as not to affect unduly the services which the latter provides on the whole or part of the same route.

3. The agreed services provided by the designated airlines of the Contracting Parties shall bear reasonable relationship to the requirements of the public for transportation on the specified routes and shall have as their primary objective the provision, at a reasonable load factor, of capacity adequate to meet the current and reasonably anticipated requirements for the carriage of passengers, cargo and mail between the territories of the Contracting Parties.

4. The designated airlines shall, not later than 30 days prior to the date of operation of any agreed service, submit for approval their proposed flight programs to the aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties. Said flight programs shall include i.a. the type of service, the aircraft to be used, the frequencies and the flight schedules.

This shall likewise apply to later changes.

In special cases this time limit may be reduced, subject to the consent of the said authorities.

Article 12

Change of gauge

The designated airline of one Contracting Party may make a change of gauge in the territory of the other Contracting Party on the following conditions:

a) that the substitution is justified by reasons of economy of operation;

b) that the aircraft operating on the sector more distant from the territory of the Contracting Party designating the airline shall operate only in connection with the aircraft on the nearer sector and shall be scheduled so to do; the former shall arrive at the point of change for the purpose of carrying traffic transferred from or to be transferred into the latter, and the capacity shall be determined with primary reference to this purpose;

c) that the airline shall not hold itself out to the public by advertisement or otherwise as providing a service which originates at the point where the change of aircraft is made, unless otherwise permitted by the Annex to this Agreement;

d) that in connection with any one aircraft flight into the territory of the other Contracting Party in which the change of aircraft is made, only one flight may be made out of that territory unless authorized by the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party to operate more than one flight.

Article 13

Tariffs

1. The Contracting Parties shall allow that a tariff on one of the routes as specified in the annex shall be established by each of the designated airlines, if possible after consultation between those airlines.

2. The tariffs for carriage on agreed services to and from the territory of the other Contracting Party shall be established at reasonable levels, due regard being paid to all relevant factors including cost of operation, reasonable profit, characteristics of service, the tariffs of other airlines over all or part of the same route.

3. The tariffs shall be submitted to and received by the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties at least forty-five (45) days before the proposed date of their introduction; in special cases, a shorter period may be accepted by the aeronautical authorities.

If within thirty (30) days from the date of receipt, the aeronautical authorities of one Contracting Party have not notified the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party that they are dissatisfied with the tariff submitted to them, such tariff shall be considered to be acceptable and shall come into effect on the date started in the proposed tariff.

In the event that a shorter period for the submission of a tariff is accepted by the aeronautical authorities, they may also agree that the period for giving notice of dissatisfaction be less than thirty (30) days.

4. If a notice of dissatisfaction has been filed in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article, the aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties shall hold consultations in accordance with Article 17 of this Agreement and endeavour to determine the tariff by agreement between themselves.

5. If the aeronautical authorities cannot agree on any tariff submitted to them under paragraph 3 of this article or on the determination of any tariff under paragraph 4 of this article, the dispute shall be settled in accordance with the provisions of article 18 of this Agreement.

6. If the aeronautical authorities of one of the Contracting Parties become dissatisfied with an established tariff, they shall so notify the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party and the designated airlines shall attempt, where required, to reach an agreement.

If within the period of ninety (90) days from the date of receipt of a notice of dissatisfaction, a new tariff cannot be established, the procedures as set out in paragraphs 4 and 5 of this article shall apply.

7. When tariffs have been established in accordance with the provisions of this article, those tariffs shall remain in force until new tariffs have been established in accordance with the provisions of this article or article 18 of this Agreement.

8. No tariff shall come into force if the aeronautical authorities of either Contracting Party are dissatisfied with it except under the provision of paragraph 4 of article 18 of this Agreement.

9. The aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties shall endeavour to ensure that the tariffs charged and collected conform to the tariffs approved by them and are not subject to rebates.

Article 14

Staff requirements

1. The designated airline of one Contracting Party shall be allowed on the basis of reciprocity, to maintain in the territory of the other Contracting Party its representatives and commercial, operational and technical staff as required in connection with the operation of the agreed services.

2. These staff requirements may, at the option of the designated airline, be satisfied by its own personnel of any nationality or by using the services of any other organization, company or airline operating in the territory of the other Contracting Party and authorized to perform such services in the territory of that Contracting Party.

3. The representatives and staff shall be subject to the laws and regulations in force of the other Contracting Party. Consistent with such law and regulations, each Contracting Party shall, on the basis of reciprocity and with the minimum of delay, grant the necessary work permits, employment visas or other similar documents to the representatives and staff referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.

4. To the extent permitted under national law, both Contracting Parties shall dispense with the requirement of work permits or employment visas or other similar documents for personnel performing certain temporary services and duties.

Article 15

Sales and revenues

1. Each designated airline shall be granted the right to engage in the sale of air transportation in the territory of the other Contracting Party directly and, at its discretion, through its agents.

Each designated airline shall have the right to sell transportation in the currency of that territory or, at its discretion, in freely convertible currencies of other countries.

Any person shall be free to purchase such transportation in currencies accepted for sale by that airline.

2. Each Contracting Party grants to the designated airline of the other Contracting Party the right of free transfer of the excess of receipts over expenditures earned by the designated airline in its territory. Such transfers shall be effected on the basis of the official exchange rates for current payments, or where there are no official exchange rates, at the prevailing foreign exchange market rates for current payments, applicable on the day of the introduction of the request for transfer by the airline designated by the other Contracting Party and shall not be subject to any charges except normal service charges collected by banks for such transactions.

3. Each Contracting Party shall, on the basis of reciprocity, exempt the designated airline of the other Contracting Party from any form of taxation on income or profits derived by that airline in the territory of the first Contracting Party from the operation of international air services, as well as from any tax on turnover or capital.

This provision shall not have effect if a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation providing for a similar exemption shall be in force between the two Contracting Parties.

Article 16

Exchange of information

1. The aeronautical authorities of both Contracting Parties shall exchange information, as promptly as possible, concerning the current authorizations extended to their respective designated airline to render service to, through, and from the territory of the other Contracting Party. This will include copies of current certificates and authorizations for services on specified routes, together with amendments, exemption orders and authorized service patterns.

2. Each Contracting Party shall cause its designated airline to provide to the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party, as long in advance as practicable, copies of tariffs, schedules, including any modification thereof, and all other relevant information concerning the operation of the agreed services, including information about the capacity provided on each of the specified routes and any further information as may be required to satisfy the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party that the requirements of this Agreement are being duly observed.

3. Each Contracting Party shall cause its designated airline to provide to the aeronautical authorities of the other Contracting Party statistics relating to the traffic carried on the agreed services showing the points of embarkation and disembarkation.

Article 17

Consultation

1. The aeronautical authorities of the Contracting Parties shall consult each other from time to time with a view to ensuring close cooperation in all matters affecting the implementation of, and satisfactory compliance with, the provisions of this Agreement and of its Annex.

2. Such consultations shall begin within a period of sixty (60) days of the date of receipt of such a request, unless otherwise agreed by the Contracting Parties.

Article 18

Settlement of disputes

1. If any dispute arises between the Contracting Parties relating to the interpretation or application of this Agreement, the Contracting Parties shall in the first place endeavour to settle it by negotiation.

2. If the Contracting Parties fail to reach a settlement by negotiation, they may agree to refer the dispute for decision to some person or body, or either Contracting Party may submit the dispute for decision to a Tribunal of three arbitrators.

3. The arbitral tribunal shall be constituted as follows:

Each of the Contracting Parties shall nominate an arbitrator within a period of sixty (60) days from the date of receipt, by one Contracting Party, through diplomatic channels, of a request for arbitration from the other Contracting Party. These two arbitrators shall by agreement appoint a third arbitrator within a further period of sixty (6O) days.

The third arbitrator shall be a national of a third State, shall act as President of the Tribunal and shall determine the place where arbitration will be held.

If either of the Contracting Parties fails to nominate an arbitrator within the period specified, or if the third arbitrator is not appointed within the period specified, the President of the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization may be requested by either Contracting Party to appoint an arbitrator or arbitrators as the case requires.

4. The Contracting Parties undertake to comply with any decision or award given under paragraphs 2 and 3 of this article.

If either Contracting Party fails to comply with such decision, the other Contracting Party shall have grounds for the application of article 5 of this Agreement.

5. The expenses of the arbitral tribunal shall be shared equally between the Contracting Parties.

Article 19

Modifications

1. If either of the Contracting Parties considers it desirable to modify any provision of this Agreement, it may request consultations with the other Contracting Party. Such consultations, which may be between aeronautical authorities and which may be through discussion or by correspondence, shall begin within a period of sixty (60) days from the date of the request.

2. If a general multilateral air convention comes into force in respect of both Contracting Parties, the provisions of such convention shall prevail. Consultations in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article may be held with a view to determining the extent to which this Agreement is affected by the provisions of the multilateral convention.

3. Any modification agreed pursuant to such consultations shall come into force when it has been confirmed by an exchange of diplomatic notes.

Article 20

Termination

1. Either Contracting Party may at any time give notice in writing through diplomatic channels to the other Contracting Party of its decision to terminate this Agreement.

Such notice shall be communicated simultaneously to the International Civil Aviation Organization.

2. The Agreement shall terminate one (1) year after the date of receipt of the notice by the other Contracting Party, unless the notice to terminate is withdrawn by mutual consent before the expiry of this period.

In the absence of acknowledgement of receipt by the other Contracting Party, the notice shall be deemed to have been received fourteen (14) days after the receipt of the notice by the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Article 21

Registration

This Agreement and any amendment thereto shall be registered with the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Article 22

Entry into force

Each of the Contracting Parties shall notify the other Contracting Party through the diplomatic channel of the completion of its constitutional formalities required to bring this Agreement into effect.

The Agreement shall come into force on the first day of the month from the date of the last notification.

In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto by their respective Governments, have signed the present Agreement.

 

Done in Riga, on the 12th of December, 1994 in two originals each in the English language which will be the authentic text.

For the Government of the For the Government of the

Republic of Latvia: Kingdom of Belgium:

 

Annex

 

Schedule of routes

1. Routes of the Republic of Latvia

Points of departure Intermediate points Points in Belgium Points beyond
Points in Latvia

Any points in Europe

Points in Belgium Any points in Europe

2. Routes of the Kingdom of Belgium

Points of departure Intermediate points Points in Latvia Points beyond
Points in Belgium Any points in Europe Points in Latvia Any points in Europe

Any point or points on the agreed routes may be omitted by the designated airlines of both Contracting Parties or may be operated in a different order on any or all flights, provided that the point of departure or arrival is in the country of their nationality.

 
Document information
Status:
In force
In force
State:
 Belgium
Type:
 international agreement
 bilateral
Entry into force:
 01.02.2003.
Signature:
 12.12.1994.
Place of signature: 
Rīga
Ratification:
 Parliament
Reservation: No
Declaration: No
Publication:
 "Latvijas Vēstnesis", 10, 19.01.1996.
Language:
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